About the FICO Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history in order to build this score.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, all of the agencies use the following to calculate your score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary slightly by agency. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Credit scores make a huge difference in your interest rate
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Getting your FICO score
To improve your FICO score, you've got to have the credit reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO credit score, sells FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that can help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at 954-375-7774.